Ooty is a town and the district capital of the Nilgiris district, Tamil Nadu. Originally occupied by the Todas, the area came under the rule of the East India Company. Today the town’s economy is based on tourism and agriculture, with manufacturing of medicines. The town is connected to the rest of India by road and rail, having many historic sites and natural beauty, which attracts tourists.It was originally a tribal land, occupied by the Todas along with other tribes who coexisted through trade. A History states that the area which is now called as the ‘Old Ooty’ was originally occupied by the Todas who then handed over that part of the town to John Sullivan, the then Governor of Coimbatore.
Madurai is the third largest city and is located on the banks of River Vaigai. It has been a major settlement for two millennia and is one of the oldest incessantly inhabited cities in the world. Madurai is closely associated with the Tamil language as all the 3 primary congregations of Tamil scholars were held in the city. The recorded history of the city goes back to the 3rd century BC as city is believed to be of significant antiquity and has been ruled, at different times, by the Early Pandyas, Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Madurai Sultanate, and the British.
Kodaikanal in the hills of the taluk division of the Dindigul of Tamil Nadu is referred to as the “Princess of Hill stations” and has a long history as a retreat and popular tourist destination. Also named “The Gift of the Forest”, Kodaikanal was established in 1845 as a refuge from the high temperatures and tropical diseases of the plains. Much of the local economy is based on the hospitality industry, which serves tourism. The earliest residents of Kodaikanal were the Palaiyar tribal people as the earliest references to Kodaikanal are found in Tamil Sangam literature of the early Common Era